ホプキンズのソネットを読む(その三)

An Analytical Reading of G. M. Hopkins’s Sonnets (Part 3)

公開日:2018.04.11

発行日
2018年02月28日
概要
 This is a sequel to the paper explicating Hopkinsʼs sonnets, “The Starlight Night”, “Spring” and “In the Valley of the Elwy”, which was published in the 55th issue of English language and Literature (2015). What are examined here are “The Sea and the Skylark” and “The Windhover”.
 In “The Sea and the Skylark”, supposed to have been written during Hopkinsʼs stay in Rhyl, a seaside resort town in Northeast Wales, the sounds of the sea and the skylark, both of which are “too old to end” and enchant the poet because of their purity, are sharply contrasted with the seaside town described as “shallow and frail town”. The octet of the sonnet dealing with the sea and the skylark is much obscurer in expression than the sestet referring to the shallowness and frailty of the town. Particularly the obscurity of the second quatrain describing how the bird sings attracts attention. The expressive obscurity might be regarded as a consequence of the poetʼs struggle to express what is too pure to be described. The pivot of the sonnet is the sharp contrast between the everlasting beauty and purity, symbolized by the sea and the skylark, and the hollowness of our civilisation, which Hopkins fears will lead to the degradation of mankind.
  “The Windhover”, which Hopkins looks on as “the best thing [he] ever wrote”, is an extremely ambiguous poem, and its ambiguity and obscurity have provoked a great deal of controversy over its interpretation. What is pointed out in this paper is Hopkinsʼs ambivalent feelings toward the windhover in the poem. While he describes how beautiful, powerful and free its flight is, he emphasises the importance of steady and patient work (“sheer plod”) in the last three lines. His envy toward the windhoverʼs natural and corporeal beauty and strength is too strong to be subdued, which produces irresistibly attractive description of the birdʼs flight. What appeals most forcibly to the reader is not just the concluding part of the sonnet, where Hopkins the priest stresses the superiority of Christʼs spirituality, but his obsession with corporeal beauty, which reveals itself in the poem, no matter how hard he may try to suppress it.
キーワード

ホプキンズ

ソネット

ヴィクトリア朝

文献等

掲載誌名・書名:

英語英米文学, No.58, pp.27-47

公開者・出版社:

中央大学英米文学会

書誌コード類:

ISSN: 0286-7710

種類
紀要
言語
日本語
権利情報
この資料の著作権は、資料の著作者または学校法人中央大学に帰属します。著作権法が定める私的利用・引用を超える使用を希望される場合には、掲載誌発行部局へお問い合わせください。

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